New York Spinal Cord Injury : Quadriplegic and ParaplegicParaplegic and Quadriplegic (Tetraplegic) are terms used to describe the medical condition, for a person who has been paralyzed due to a spinal cord injury. This classification depends on the level and severity of a persons paralysis, and how it affects their limbs.
What is a Spinal Cord Injury?
A Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is typically defined as damage or trauma to the spinal cord that in turn results in a loss or impaired function resulting in reduced mobility or feeling.
Paraplegic and Quadriplegic (Tetraplegic) are terms used to describe the medical condition, for a person who has been paralyzed due to a spinal cord injury.Typical causes of damage to the spinal cord are trauma (car/motorcycle accident, gunshot, falls, sports injuries, etc), or disease (Transverse Myelitis, Polio, Spina Bifida, Friedreich’s Ataxia, etc.). The resulting damage to the spinal cord is known as a lesion, and the paralysis is known as Quadriplegia or Quadriplegia / Tetraplegia if the injury is in the cervical (neck) region, or as paraplegia if the injury is in the thoracic, lumbar or sacral region.
It is possible for someone to suffer a broken neck, or a broken back without becoming paralyzed. This occurs when there is a fracture or dislocation of the vertebrae, but the spinal cord has not been damaged.
What is a Complete and Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury?
There are typically two types of lesions associated with a spinal cord injury, these are known as a complete spinal cord injury and an incomplete spinal cord injury. A complete type of injury means the person is completely paralyzed below their lesion. Whereas an incomplete injury, means only part of the spinal cord is damaged. A person with an incomplete injury may have sensation below their lesion but no movement, or visa versa. There are many types in incomplete spinal cord injuries, and no two are the same.
Such injuries are known as Brown Sequard Syndrome, Central Cord Syndrome, Anterior Cord Syndrome and Posterior Cord Syndrome.
What is Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation?
Someone with a spinal cord injury will have a long road of rehabilitation ahead of them, usually at a Spinal Cord Injury Treatment Unit and Rehabilitation Center or Spinal Injury Unit, and it is important that they keep their sense of humor on their bad days to help them maintain a positive attitude.
There are typically two types of lesions associated with a spinal cord injury, these are known as a complete spinal cord injury and an incomplete spinal cord injury.Generally, paraplegics will be in hospital for around 5 months, where as Quadriplegics can be in hospital for around 6 – 8 months, whilst they undergo rehabilitation. Both Paraplegics and Quadriplegics should have some kind of rehabilitation and physiotherapy before they are discharged from hospital, to help maximize their potential, or help them get used to life in a wheelchair, and to help teach techniques which make everyday life easier.
Disabled sports and wheelchair based sports can be an excellent way to build stamina, and help in rehabilitation by giving confidence and better social skills. The ultimate reward for many disabled sportsmen and women, is to win at the Paralympic Games, which will be coming to London in 2012.
Spinal Cord Injury Cure and Treatment
A cure for long term paralysis is still some years in the future, but clinical trials are taking place with Olfactory Ensheathing Glial (OEG) cells and Embryonic Stem Cell based therapy.
If your loved-one was involved in a motor vehicle accident, or any other accident in which he or she was not negligent to cause the accident, and suffered from spinal cord injury resulting in quadriplegic or paraplegic, then you should immediately consult with a New York personal injury lawyer.